The Friebolin Act created a civil service system for the State of Ohio.
During the early twentieth century, Ohio's state government instituted a number of Progressive political reforms. These reforms were meant to decrease the amount of corruption within the political system and to make Ohio's politics more democratic. One such reform was the Friebolin Act, which went into effect on January 1, 1914. The goal of this legislation was to ensure that people who held positions of power within the state, local, and city governments were qualified professionals, rather than just political appointees. Before the Friebolin Act, once a politician was elected to political office, he could appoint his friends to jobs within the government structure. Since loyalty, rather than professional skills, was the determining factor within these appointments, people who were not capable could hold important jobs. With the establishment of a civil service system, certain jobs were classified as professional positions that could only be held by qualified applicants.