Disciples of Christ
In 1809, Thomas Campbell, a former member of the Presbyterian Church, established “The Christian Association of Washington” in Washington, Pennsylvania. While this organization was not formally known as the Disciples of Christ, most Disciples point to the creation of “The Christian Association of Washington” as the beginning of the Disciples of Christ. In 1906, a group of Disciples of Christ left the religious denomination to create its own Church, the Church of Christ. Twenty years later a second schism occurred in the Disciples of Christ, creating the Independent Christian Churches.
Disciples of Christ believe in the Trinity. They believe that Jesus Christ is the savior and that all people can attain salvation through Jesus. They are tolerant of other Christian religious groups. Disciples also practice immersion baptism.
The Disciples of Christ played an influential role in Ohio. Several prominent Ohioans belonged to this church, including James Garfield, the twentieth president of the United States. By the early 1850s, the Disciples of Christ boasted over ninety churches in Ohio. In 1850, the group established the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute, which became Hiram College in 1867.