Daniel C. Beard
Daniel Carter Beard was a surveyor, artist and one of the founders of the Boy Scouts of America.
Beard was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on June 21, 1850. His father was James Henry Beard, a successful nineteenth century portrait artist. Daniel Beard attended public schools in Cincinnati and later enrolled in a private academy in Covington, Kentucky. He graduated from that institution with a degree in civil engineering.
Beard spent several years employed as a civil engineer and surveyor in the Cincinnati area. He later lost interest in his chosen profession and enrolled in the Art Students League of New York in 1880. Beard remained at the League until 1884. He supported himself as an illustrator of magazines and books. His work included the first edition of Mark Twain's A Connecticut Yankee at King Arthur's Court. He also taught art privately and at the New York School of Applied Design.
In 1905, Beard began another new career. He became editor of the children's section of Recreation magazine. Beard used his position to create a youth group called 'The Sons of Daniel Boone." This organization was affiliated with Recreation and helped boost the magazine's circulation. In 1908, Beard became the editor of the youth section of Pictorial Review magazine. Once again, he formed a youth group that was affiliated with the magazine. He called it the "Boy Pioneers."
"Boy Pioneers" grew quickly. In 1910, this organization became part of the Boy Scouts of America. Beard continued to play an important leadership role in the Boy Scouts until his death. He served as the first National Commissioner and Chairman of the Court of Honor. He also was one of the editors of Boy's Life, the official magazine of the Boy Scouts of America. Beard also helped his sister organize the Camp Fire Girls and became president of the Camp Fire Club. Beard died on June 11, 1941, in Suffern, New York.