Crawford County formed on February 12, 1820. Residents chose the name Crawford in honor of William Crawford, a Revolutionary War hero, who was eventually burned at the stake by Indians in retaliation for the Gnadenhutten Massacre. The county also contains the headwaters of the Sandusky, Huron, Olentangy, and Scioto Rivers.
Crawford County is located in the north-central portion of Ohio. The county seat is Bucyrus. Bucyrus is the county's largest population center, with just over thirteen thousand residents in 2000, and it is also home to a yearly bratwurst festival. The county's next largest community is Galion, with a population of approximately 11,300 people in 2000. The county experienced almost a two percent drop in population between 1990 and 2000, leaving a final population of 46,966 residents. This decline is typical for Ohio's other rural counties as well, as many residents are seeking better lives and more opportunities in the state's larger cities. An average of 117 people live in each of Crawford County's 402 square miles.
Crawford County is heavily rural, with urban areas comprising less than two percent of the county's land mass. Most residents find employment in manufacturing establishments, with sales and service-oriented positions falling a distant second and third. The main products manufactured in the county are machinery, steel vaults, rubber hose, and heavy road equipment. In fourth, agriculture employs approximately 2,500 people. The county's average income was approximately twenty-two thousand dollars per person in 1999, with just over ten percent of the population living in poverty.
Most voters in Crawford County claim to be independents, yet in recent years, they have overwhelmingly supported Republican candidates at the national level.