Cowan Creek Mound
The Cowan Creek Mound was a conical burial mound located in Vernon Township, Clinton County, Ohio. Ohio Historical Society archaeologist Raymond Baby excavated the mound in the late 1940s. At the base of the mound, he uncovered a circular pattern of postmolds 45 feet in diameter. He found many small, thick fragments of charred bark around the postmolds and concluded that these features represented an ancient house that had been roofed with bark. This was the first discovery of a circular pattern of postmolds beneath a mound in Ohio.
A radiocarbon date for the site indicated it was built at around 440 BC, placing it squarely within the archaeological designation for pre-contact American Indian peoples known as the Adena culture.
Baby thought the structure had been a dwelling that was burned down to be used as a place of burial. Later investigators think such Adena structures were specialized mortuary buildings used for funeral rites and burial.
- Lepper, Bradley T. Ohio Archaeology: An Illustrated Chronicle of Ohio's Ancient American Indian Cultures. Wilmington, Ohio, Orange Frazer Press, 2005.
- Woodward, Susan L., and Jerry N. McDonald. Indian Mounds of the Middle Ohio Valley: A Guide to Mounds and Earthworks of the Adena, Hopewell, Cole, and Fort Ancient People. Lincoln: The University of Nebraska Press, 2002.
- Webb, William S. and Raymond S. Baby. The Adena People No. 2. Ohio History Connection, Columbus. 1975.