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Native Americans grew corn on the land that was to become Ohio, and so did the early settlers. Today, corn and soybean are the leading crops in Ohio's agriculture.
Recent Changes in Corn Harvested (Acres)
In 1992, 37,341 Ohio farms produced 467,163,760 bushels of corn for use as grain on 3,486,744 acres. The leading counties were:
During the early 1800s, wheat production made Ohio one of the leading grain-growing states in the United States. As prairie land was settled and major wheat growing moved westward wheat became less important in Ohio's agricultural economy.
Winter Wheat Harvested (Acres)
In 1992, 24,054 farms in Ohio grew 54,020,364 bushels of Wheat on 1,089,529 acres. The leading counties were:
Along with production of wheat and corn, growing oats was a very important part of early Ohio's grain industry. Oats production increased as horses became more numerous, and after the Civil War a growing market in oatmeal made the demand for oats increase.
Recent Changes in Oats Harvested (Acres)
In 1992, 8,048 farms grew 7,901,758 bushels of Oats on 115,727 acres. The leading counties were:
Rye for Grain
Rye was one of the first crops in Ohio. It was used for making bread, for making whiskey and in a small way, for feeding horses.
In 1992, 338 farms grew 177,710 bushels of rye for grain on 5,061 acres. These five counties were top producers:
Barley for Grain
Before 1812, Ohio farmers cultivated little barley. Later, breweries had a great need for this grain in making beer.In 1992, 816 Ohio farms produced 655,438 bushels of Barley for Grain on almost 9,900 acres. The leading five counties were: