Battle of Peckuwe
The Battle of Peckuwe was the largest battle of the American Revolution to occur west of the Allegheny Mountains.
During the summer of 1780, George Rogers Clark led approximately 1,050 men, primarily militiamen from Kentucky, against Shawnee settlements at Old Chillicothe and Peckuwe. The Shawnee destroyed Old Chillicothe as Clark's men approached on August 6. On August 8, the militiamen arrived at Peckuwe, a Shawnee village that was located just west of present-day Springfield, Ohio, on the Mad River. Most of the Shawnee at Peckuwe resided in log cabins. Clark's men succeeded in driving the Shawnee from Peckuwe and proceeded to destroy the town. Clark had fourteen men killed and an additional thirteen wounded. Exact Shawnee casualties are unknown, but Clark estimated that they were three times the number that his own men had suffered.
The Battle of Peckuwe sometimes is confused with the Battle of Piqua, which occurred more than two years later. These two battles, as well as other conflicts between explorers, settlers and American Indians, only further enhanced the tensions between the two groups both during and following the American Revolution.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
- Waller, George Macgregor. American Revolution in the West. Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall, 1976.